Everything you need to know about IUI (Artificial Insemination)

Intrauterine insemination (IUI), or artificial insemination, as it’s more commonly known, is a fertility treatment that can help individuals and couples conceive. If you’ve been trying to conceive for a while, you might be considering IUI as an option to start or expand your family. We’ve put together this blog to provide you with a comprehensive guide, step-by-step procedures, information on success rates, and important considerations. Let’s dive in!

What is IUI?

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing prepared sperm directly into a woman’s uterus during her most fertile period. It is a relatively non-invasive and less expensive option than other assisted reproductive technologies. The procedure aims to increase the chances of fertilisation by bringing the sperm closer to the egg.

Who can benefit from IUI?

IUI is often recommended for couples or individuals who face fertility challenges, including:

a. Unexplained infertility

b. Mild male factor infertility (low sperm count or motility)

c. Cervical factor infertility (hostile cervical mucus)

d. Ejaculation dysfunction or erectile dysfunction

e. Single women or same-sex couples.

The IUI Procedure

Initial Consultation

Your journey towards IUI begins with an initial consultation with a fertility specialist. During this visit, the specialist will first assess your medical history, perform a physical examination, and may request additional tests to determine the underlying causes of infertility. These tests may include blood work, ultrasounds, and semen analysis for your partner.

Ovarian Stimulation

Once your evaluation is complete, your fertility specialist may prescribe certain medications to stimulate ovulation and optimise the timing of IUI. In addition, you will be closely monitored through regular ultrasounds and blood tests to track the development of follicles and determine the optimal time for the insemination procedure.

Semen Collection

On the day of the procedure, the male partner or sperm donor provides a semen sample that is then washed and prepared to concentrate the healthy sperm. 

IUI treatment


The big moment! A catheter is used to insert the washed and concentrated sperm directly into the uterus. The procedure is relatively quick and painless; the level of discomfort is comparable to that of a smear test. 


After the IUI treatment, you will need to rest for a short period before resuming normal activities. Pregnancy testing is usually done after a couple of weeks.

What Are The Success Rates of IUI?

IUI success rates vary depending on several factors, including age, the cause of infertility, and the overall health of both partners. On average, the success rate ranges from 10% to 20% per cycle. Most fertility clinics will recommend multiple cycles to increase the chances of success.

Potential Risks and Side Effects of IUI

IUI is generally a safe procedure, but there are a few potential risks and side effects to be aware of; these include:

1. Multiple pregnancies: Using fertility medications may increase the likelihood of conceiving multiples (twins, triplets, etc.).

2. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): Rarely, ovarian stimulation medications may cause fluid accumulation in the abdomen, bloating, or discomfort.

3. Infection or spotting: Although rare, there is a small risk of infection or light bleeding after the procedure.

4. Emotional challenges: The emotional aspect of fertility treatment can be overwhelming, and it’s essential to seek support if needed.

Lifestyle Considerations

There are a few lifestyle factors you should take into consideration to increase your chances of IUI success:

Healthy Lifestyle

Maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking or excessive alcohol consumption can improve fertility outcomes.

Stress Management

Stress can affect fertility, and going through fertility treatment is stressful! So finding healthy coping mechanisms such as yoga, meditation, or counselling can be hugely important and beneficial.

Follow Medical Advice

Ensure you follow your fertility specialist’s instructions, take prescribed medications correctly, and attend all necessary appointments to increase your chances of success.

What Other Fertility Treatment Options Are There?

In some cases, IUI may not be the most suitable option. Alternative fertility treatments include in vitro fertilisation (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), or donor insemination. Consult your fertility specialist to explore the best options for your personal situation.

Seek Emotional Support

Going through fertility treatments can be emotionally challenging. So, seek support from your partner, loved ones, or support groups specifically designed for individuals or couples experiencing infertility. The door to the free Hoopsy fertility community is always open and is a safe space to ask questions and seek support throughout your fertility journey.


IUI is a widely used fertility treatment that offers hope to couples and individuals struggling to conceive. By understanding the process, success rates, risks, and necessary lifestyle considerations, you can confidently make informed decisions and embark on this journey. Remember to consult a fertility specialist for personalised advice and guidance about the best fertility treatment for you. 

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